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Cystoscopy is a medical procedure which is performed with the help of cystoscopy. The doctor the long tube through the urethra of the patient. The cystoscope reaches the bladder of the patient and helps in viewing the bladder of the patient. It can be seen in the form of magnifies images which provide the required details of the bladder of the patient.


When is cystoscopy recommended?


Your doctor will ask you to opt for the procedure of cystoscopy in the following cases:


  • You are facing difficulty at the time of urination.
  • There is the presence of severe pain in the urethra while you are urinating.
  • There are chances of occurrence or existence of bladder stones, cancers or tumors.
  • Blockages in the organs in the urinating system of the body
  • Malfunctioning of ureters which connect your bladder to the kidneys of your body.
  • Cystoscopy is also used to take urine samples from the patient for the respective tests.
  • Doctors utilize it to assist in the urination process of the patients who are advised for bed rest due to surgeries.


 Preparation for cystoscopy procedure:


  1. Your doctor will advise for specific tests to check the presence of uterine tract infections or defect in the urinating system in the body. It will be helping the doctor to plan the treatment accordingly.
  2. You need to take ample of rest after the completion of the surgery. This will help you to recover soon and resume back into your daily routine soon.
  3. If your doctor has advised you to take medications few days before the surgery day, then make sure that you are consulting your doctor regarding consuming medicines after the completion of the surgery.


 Risks/complications associated with cystoscopy:


The swollen urethra is one of the most common complications which occur after the completion of cystoscopy procedure. Fever, awkward smelling urine, as well as the occurrence of infections, can occur in some cases of cystoscopy. Bleeding or blood clots are also seen in some patients. You can contact your doctor if you are finding the occurrence of these complications.


 Types of anesthesia:


There are three different types of anesthesia which are utilized depending on the requirements of the respective case of the patient.


Local Anesthesia: This is the simplest form of anesthesia for performing cystoscopy. The patient recovers the same day of the procedure and gets fit to move and go home on the same day itself.


General anesthesia: The patient will be unconscious during the treatment. Your doctor will ask you to fast for few hours before the commencement of cystoscopy procedure.


Regional Anesthesia: In this type of anesthesia, anesthesia is given in the back. It anesthetizes the area below the waist.


You need to stay in the hospital for the day of the procedure so that your body recovers successfully after the procedure.


 Cystoscopy procedure


The procedure of cystoscopy consists of a series of steps:


-Firstly, the patient is asked to go to the washroom for urination. It helps in emptying the bladder and patient does not feel the urge of urinating at the time of the procedure.


-Then the patient is asked to lie down on the operating table in the stirrups position. You will be put on antibiotic dosages at the time of surgery. It will prevent the occurrence of bladder infections.


-Local anesthesia or general anesthesia is given along with a sedative for the best experience of the cystoscopy procedure.


-Then an anesthetic gel is injected into the urethra. This reduces the feeling of pain at the time of the method. The doctor can then perform the procedure accordingly.


If your doctor is opting for a simple investigation inside your bladder, then a thin tube will be used. In case of the biopsies and related surgeries, then a thick tube is utilized. Your doctor will inform you regarding the details before starting with the medical procedure.


The doctor uses a lens or views the condition of the bladder on the screen. This helps him to detect the status of the bladder successfully.The entire procedure takes around 5-10 minutes. But, if you are given general anesthesia along with a sedative, it will take approximately 20-30 minutes to get conscious after the procedure.


 These are some of the various aspects of cystoscopy which play an important role in the success of this medical procedure.


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