The heart transplant is a medical procedure which involves the transplant of a heart in the body of the recipient. The heart organ is taken from the donor individual. The donor individual is usually a deceased individual with a healthy heart. There are various reasons which make it essential for the individuals to undergo a heart transplant procedure. One of the most commonly found causes is the heart failure. It occurs when the heart cannot provide the required amount of blood supply on a timely basis to different parts of the body. Heart failure has various causes. Some of these causes include congenital conditions, severe angina, ventricular arrhythmia and similar reasons. Congenital conditions are present at the time of birth like heart defect which is found when the baby is born. Abnormal heartbeats at times cannot be treated successfully with the help of necessary treatments and medications. Many times, in some patients chest pain, does not subside despite the regular medication schedule and coronary bypass surgeries. Cardiomyopathy, where the heart walls are affected, is also a condition in which the patient has to undergo a heart transplant. These are some of the commonly seen cases where heart transplants are usually recommended.
Some patients are not fit for the heart transplant procedures despite the requirement of this procedures in their cases. One must know this and accordingly proceed with the process. Individuals who smoke a lot, consume alcohol and drugs are not preferred for the heart transplant procedure. Also, older individuals are not a good fit for this medical procedure. In this way, the medical specialist first takes exact details of the patient and accordingly recommends the requirement of the heart transplant procedure for every patient. After this, the doctor numbers the patient on the waiting list for the heart transplant procedure.
A heart transplant is a delicate procedure. The team of doctors and surgeons ensure that the procedure is accomplished successfully with the desired results. First of all, the donor’s heart is made ready, and then the procedure is accordingly started. This ensures that the procedure is carried out smoothly. General anesthesia is utilized to provide that the procedure occurs systematically. A heart-lung bypass machine is used to keep a proper circulation of blood going on throughout the procedure. This also makes it a point that the blood has the required amount of oxygen at the time of the surgery. The chest is cut from the middle. Then, the heart of the patient is removed. The donor’s heart is placed in its position. The arteries and veins are connected to the new organ. Then, the heart starts pumping at a healthy pace. In this way, a heart transplant procedure is accomplished.
After the completion of the heart transplant procedure, it is essential that the patient has an adequate amount of rest and is present under the observation of the team of medical specialists. This helps the doctors to see the improvement in the health of the patient and prevents any kind difficulties in the patient’s health. Immunosuppressants are prescribed to the patients for the rest of the life. This ensures that the heart keeps functioning at a required level. The patient will, therefore, not face many troubles for the rest of the living. Regular checkups with the concerned doctor and medical specialist is crucial for the long run success of the heart transplant procedure.
Proper care of the patient is the primary focus of the caregivers and family members for the next few years. This prevents any chances of failure of the heart transplant procedure. One must know that there are specific complications which are associated with the heart transplant procedure. Rejection of the donor’s heart is the most common complication. Here the recipient body recognizes the donor heart as a foreign organ and attacks it. This leads to the failure of the heart transplant surgery. At times, the donated heart does not function as required. Also, the medications lead to different types of the side effects. Therefore, it is essential to take proper care of the side effects and accordingly proceed with the heart transplant procedure in a patient. Thus, heart transplant procedure is an advanced procedure which has different essential aspects for its success in the patient in the long run.