Stem cell Transplant
Stem cell transplant is the transplant of the bone marrow from one individual to another. It is also known as the bone marrow transplant. Stem cell transplant is one of the commonly performed procedures in the patients who are detected with cancer. This type of transplant is usually recommended in cases of cancer like multiple myeloma, leukemia as well as for other types of lymphoma.
Bone marrow is the part of the bones which is responsible for the production of the blood cells. These cells can turn into other types of cells required for the proper functioning of the body.
There are different types of stem cell transplants:
— Autologous transplant type: This type of stem cell transplant is considered to be one of the most commonly utilized types of the stem cell transplants in the recent times. In this way, your body re-utilizes the already present cells in the cancer treatment. The chemotherapy is successfully performed in the patient. Within 24 hours, stem cells reach the bone marrow. In this way, they start multiplying efficiently and ultimately lead to the formation of the healthy cells. Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant is a popular and in-demand type of the stem cell transplant type. This type of stem cell transplant is successfully utilized in the cases which include malignant disorders, neuroblastoma, Hodgkin disease, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, medulloblastoma as well as germ cell tumors.
— Allogenous transplant type: In this type of the stem cell transplant, the stem cell is taken from another person. Before the commencement of the allogenous transplant procedure, it is essential to check that the bone marrow of the donor individual matches with that of the recipient individual. If the donor and recipient bone marrow do not match, then it might lead to the occurrence of the Graft versus host disease (GVHD). Usually, a family member is the first choice for the donor bone marrow. In this way, the chances of the graft rejection also reduce to a great extent. In case of the allogenous transplants, the stem cells are not frozen. The ablative and reduced intensity type of the stem cell transplant is utilized in case of the higher dose and milder dose of chemotherapy respectively. The allogenous type of the transplant procedure includes Amyloidosis, non-malignant disorders as well as autoimmune disorders.
One of the essential aspects of the success of a stem cell transplant procedure is the choice of the type of the stem cell transplant. This depends on several factors which include the ability to afford a type of stem cell transplant, insurance terms as well as the availability of a family member to assist at the time of checkup and related appointments.
The procedure of the stem cell transplant is the same in case of both the types of the stem cell transplants.
— First of all, a collection of the stem cells is done. It is carried out with the help of the transplant catheters in case of the autologous types. While in case of the allogenous types, the stem cells are collected from the donor individual and transferred into the patient.
— The transplant treatment is carried out for a time of 5-10 days which varies with the type of the stem cell transplant.
— The stem cells transfusion is carried out in both the forms of the stem cell transplant.
— Recovery time is a critical phase. This phase requires ultimate care and proper consumption of the medication to ensure prevention of the graft versus host disease.
Nowadays, a mini allogenic type of the stem cell transplant is more commonly utilized for better results and low side effects after the completion of the treatment. The mini transplants also have a record of low deaths due to cancer.
Proper care of the patient is essential to ensure that the patient resumes back to the same routine within an appreciable period. Before the commencement of the stem cell transplant, it is necessary that the family members or the caregivers of the patient take proper care of the patient. Cancer treatment is a sensitive treatment which requires an immense amount of positivity and support from the family members and caregivers. Thus, a successful stem cell transplant will involve several factors from time to time. It will ensure the improvement of the life of the patient.