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In the modern times, there are various medical techniques and solutions which are helpful to avoid unwanted pregnancy. One of the latest procedures which are utilized by men who already have kids is Vasectomy. Vasectomy is a procedure which is responsible for sterilization of the men so that their wives don’t get pregnant. It is one of the most commonly recommended and utilized treatments for ensuring proper family member control.


 How is vasectomy done and what are the types?


 -The doctor creates a cut in the upper part of the scrotum. This area is located below the penis of the patient. Then the vasa deferens is blocked surgically. The cut area is stitched. The patient is discharged on the same day from the clinic or hospital. Also, there is a type of vasectomy, which does not utilize cuts. Here only small holes are created, and stitches are not required.


 The types of the vasectomy ensure that the men undergoing the procedure can see the pros and cons of both the types and reach a decision regarding which one to choose for their respective case.


 In both the types, before starting with the procedure, local anesthesia is provided to the scrotum using a needle injection. The anesthesia is applied to the scrotum in a pressurized jet spray injection. It makes the procedure comfortable for the patients and nearly to painless.


 –Scalpel vasectomy: In case of the scalpel vasectomy, the procedure is carried out at the doctor’s clinic or hospital. The total period taken is around 30 – 60 minutes. Here, a mild sedative is given to the procedure. The patient is asked to lie down comfortable before the insertion of the local anesthesia. The surgeon then makes two incisions on each of the scrotum. It helps him to access present in each of the testes. The ends of vasa deferens are cut, cauterized or folded with clips. It ensures that the sperms are not released in the semen after the ejaculation occurs.


-Non-scalpel vasectomy: Here, the surgeon feels the location of the vasa deferens in the scrotum from outside without incision. He uses a small clamp and forceps to access the vasa deferens. Then, the same procedure is carried out.


How much effective is vasectomy?


It is seen that most of the cases of vasectomy are successful. In some cases, vasa deferens which are blocked during the procedure gets joined. It can lead to the pregnancy. Therefore, after the completion of the vasectomy procedure, it is essential that the patient receives his semen checked from time to time.     It will help you to know if you need any other set of tests. Also, you can then stop using some other form of birth control on a regular basis under the guidance of your doctor.


How much time does it take to recover?


Vasectomy is not a complicated procedure. You can expect to recover within a few days to week’s time. Then you can resume normal routine and work.


What if a patient wants to get the vasectomy procedure reversed?


 There are cases, where the patients opt for a vasectomy procedure if they plan to have a baby or for some personal reason.


There are two methods which have helped men to undergo reversal of the procedure. These are vasovasostomy and vasoepididymostomy.


Side effects of the vasectomy procedure:


Like every other medical procedure, vasectomy also has specific side effects after the period of the completion of the procedure.


Some of the commonly seen side effects include soreness and short-term pain; sperm granulomas can occur, post-vasectomy pain syndrome, temporary deterioration in the sexual performance as well as increased chances of prostate cancer. But you need to keep in mind that not every patient undergoing a vasectomy each of these side effects. If you feel discomfort or observe any of these side effects, then make sure that you consult your concerned doctor for medical advice.


Will vasectomy prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STD’s)?


Vasectomy cannot prevent sexually transmitted diseases in any way. You have to use protective measures to ensure that sexually transmitted diseases are not transferred from one person to another.


 Thus, these are some of the crucial aspects of vasectomy which you need to know while opting for the vasectomy procedure.


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