The most common type of cancer in children and teenagers is white blood cell cancer, sometimes known as childhood leukemia. Abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. They quickly displace healthy cells as they circulate through the bloodstream. This makes infections and other problems in the body more likely. It’s challenging to have cancer as a youngster, but it’s reassuring to know that most children and teenagers with childhood leukemia can benefit from a successful course of therapy, especially when admitted to the best cancer treatment India.
What is Leukaemia?
Leukemia has an effect on lymphocytes, which are the white blood cells’ building blocks. It affects the blood as well as the bone marrow, which makes blood cells. Leukemia can be acute, appearing suddenly and advancing quickly, or chronic, appearing gradually and advancing more slowly. The majority of child leukemia cases are serious.
Leukemia in children can have many different forms, including:
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), commonly referred to as acute lymphocytic leukemia, is the most common kind of leukemia in children. Another name for this condition is acute myeloid leukemia (AML), also referred to as acute myeloblastic leukemia.
- The most common kind of leukemia in adults is chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), an uncommon variant of pediatric leukemia.
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), which affects teenagers much more frequently than kids.
Symptoms of Leukaemia in Children
- Poor appetite
- Weight loss
- Bone or joint pain
- Swollen lymph glands (nodes)
- Pale skin
- Often feeling tired, weak, or cold
- Belly (abdominal) swelling
- Shortness of breath, trouble breathing
- Easy bruisings or bleeding, which is most frequently seen through bleeding gums or nosebleeding
- Frequent or long-term infections
Childhood Leukemia Survival Rate
When discussing a child’s prognosis, doctors typically utilize survival statistics as a standard strategy. These statistics depict the percentage of children in comparable situations—such as those who have the same type and subtype of leukemia—who are still alive after a given amount of time has passed since their diagnosis. They can’t tell you exactly what will happen in a particular child’s case, but they can help you gauge how likely it is that the treatment will work. For some people, survival rates are useful; for others, not so much.
According to the Leukaemia and Lymphoma Society (LLS), the average 5-year survival rate for all, the most common kind of leukemia in children, is 94.4 percent for those under the age of 5. For younger children under the age of 15, the ratio is slightly less than 92.5 percent.
Causes of Leukaemia in Children
The precise cause of juvenile leukemia is uncertain. Some disorders that are inherited from parents and passed on to kids enhance the likelihood of developing childhood leukemia. However, the majority of children’s leukemia cases are not inherited. Researchers have discovered changes (mutations) in the genes of the bone marrow cells. These alterations may take place at a young age or even prior to birth. But they might occur sporadically or at random.
The likelihood that your child will develop childhood leukemia increases if they:
- A hereditary disorder like Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Down syndrome, or Klinefelter syndrome
- A history of radiation, chemotherapy, or chemicals like the solvent benzene at high levels;
- A congenital immunologic problem such ataxia telangiectasia; a twin, particularly an identical twin, who has leukemia;
- An immune system suppression history, such as after receiving an organ transplant.
Treatment of Leukaemia in Children
Your child’s low blood counts, bleeding, or infections may need to be treated first. Your child may develop:
- When blood levels are low, red blood cell transfusions are administered.
- Transfusion of platelet-rich blood to stop bleeding
- Antibiotics to treat all types of illnesses
When admitted to cancer treatment in india, the following are the different types of treatments available –
- Radiation treatment
- Targeted therapy
- Chemotherapy at a high dose combined with stem cell transplant
Tags: Childhood Leukaemia