Medical methods like angioplasty and heart bypass surgery are used to address the blocked or congested arteries. The blood channels known as arteries transport oxygen-rich blood from the brain to the toes. Arteries can get clogged over time as a result of the accumulation of a material known as plaque on their inner walls. Blood flow to the body is subsequently decreased and occasionally obstructed. This leads to heart attacks and strokes and you need to reach out to the best heart hospital in India for immediate cure.
Understanding the basics –
A minor incision in the leg, arm, or wrist is sufficient for an angioplasty operation, so doctors don’t need to do significant surgery. You will recover more quickly from the operation because it is less intrusive and takes around an hour. The operation typically doesn’t require general anaesthesia, and the patient can return to their regular activities within a few days.
In contrast, bypass surgery is a significant procedure that takes three to six hours to complete. To reach the heart and perform the treatment, surgeons make a slit in the chest that is eight to 10 inches wide. If you get the best heart treatment in India, this surgery adds to a healthy lifespan.
To guarantee that the entire procedure is pain-free, the patient is given general anaesthesia. A brief one- or two-day stay in the ICU can be part of the recovery process, which can last up to 12 weeks. Angioplasties are less lasting than bypass surgeries due to the fact that they do not address the underlying source of the blockage, even if neither of these treatments offers remedies that will last forever.
According to a study conducted in India, 15-20% of angioplasty patients may experience artery narrowing over the next several years and require bypass surgery. In all situations, patients must alter their diet and engage in regular exercise to reduce extra fat or cholesterol.
With a tiny incision in the groin or arm, a balloon-tipped catheter is threaded to the location of the artery blockage during an angioplasty operation. The narrowed artery is then made wider by expanding this balloon. To lessen the chance of the blocked artery narrowing once more, a doctor will frequently insert a stent—a thin metal or plastic tube—into it.
A catheter, which is a long, thin tube, is placed into the artery’s constricted area during an angioplasty procedure. A wire connects this catheter to a deflated balloon. This balloon is inflated at the point where the artery is constricted, widening the artery as a result. During angioplasty, a scaffold-like mesh device known as a stent is virtually always permanently inserted in the artery. The stent keeps the artery permanently open and keeps it from narrowing once more. The likelihood of the artery narrowing without the stent is ranging between 30 and 40%. Its rate is decreased to 10% to 20% with a stent.
Heart Bypass Surgery
According to estimates, about 120,000 people in India have heart bypass surgery each year to enhance blood flow to the heart. A healthy blood vessel from the interior of the chest wall or the lower leg is typically removed for heart bypass surgery and attached above and below the blocked artery. Bypassing the blocked location, blood can continue to flow normally to the heart muscle. During general anaesthesia, heart bypass surgery is carried out. Depending on the patient’s progress after recovery, the average length of stay in the hospital is 4 to 7 days.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting is another name for heart bypass surgery (CABG).
Choosing which is best for you
Although it may seem simple, the choice between angioplasty and cardiac bypass surgery is actually rather complicated. According to the kind of disease and the extent of artery blockage, the surgeon typically uses the results of coronary angiography to assess the degree to which the arteries are blocked. An expert cardiologist compares the benefits and drawbacks of heart bypass surgery and angioplasty based on the findings. In order to reach a consensus, the surgeon may also actively include the patient and their caretakers.
Most selections between angioplasty and heart bypass surgery are based on:
- Coronary artery disease severity and geographic scope of the disease
- chest discomfort and breathlessness are present
- workings of the heart
- Other underlying illnesses, such as diabetes, peripheral artery disease, or a history of a heart attack or stroke
- Family and patient preferences