Bone Marrow Aspiration Definition, Purpose & Procedure

Bone Marrow Aspiration: Definition, Purpose & Procedure

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The liquid portion of your bone marrow is sampled during a bone marrow aspiration procedure in cancer treatment in India. The spongy tissue found inside your bones called bone marrow is responsible for producing blood cells. This treatment may be suggested by your doctor to measure your blood cell levels. Alternatively, they could aspirate you to see if cancer has spread to your bones.

An operation to extract a little amount of bone marrow is called a bone marrow aspiration. The spongy material found inside your bones called bone marrow is what produces blood cells. The healthcare provider from the best cancer treatment in India extracts a small sample of the liquid portion of your bone marrow using a needle during a bone marrow aspiration. A bone marrow aspiration may be prescribed by your doctor in order to test your platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells. Your doctor may occasionally perform a bone marrow biopsy in addition to a bone marrow aspiration.

Both aspirations and biopsies are procedures to assess your bone marrow. A sample of your bone marrow’s liquid component is taken during an aspiration. In a biopsy, a piece of your bone marrow’s solid, spongy interior is removed.

Why need Bone Marrow Aspiration?

To identify or diagnose bone marrow-related disorders, you could have a bone marrow aspiration. Another option is bone marrow aspiration if a blood test revealed unusual RBC, WBC, or platelet counts. The common conditions that affect your bone marrow include are – 

  • Anemia
  • Hemochromatosis (iron overload)
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Leukopenia
  • Lymphoma
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Tuberculosis

The Procedure

During the course of treating your cancer, your doctor might do a bone marrow aspiration. If your cancer has spread (metastasized) to your bones, your doctor can find out through a bone marrow aspiration. It can also be used to track blood malignancies.

A bone marrow aspiration is frequently carried out by a technician or medical professional with specialised training. Either oncologist or hematologist may also perform a bone marrow aspiration. Before a bone marrow aspiration, the majority of people can continue eating and drinking normally. Informing your healthcare practitioner of everything you consume, including vitamins and drugs. Before the surgery, you might need to temporarily cease taking some drugs, such as blood thinners.

Typically, your doctor obtains a sample of your bone marrow from your pelvic (hip bone). They prick you with a needle in your lower back, near your hip. Your healthcare practitioner administers an injection containing a numbing agent just before performing a bone marrow aspiration so you won’t feel anything. Sedation is another technique your doctor may employ to keep you awake yet comfortable. You recline on your side or stomach on an exam table for the aspiration. The doctor then inserts a needle into the pelvic bone and draws a sample of bone marrow.

Generally, you will be released the same day. Aspirations of bone marrow are normally risk-free however, there can be some chances of – 

  • sensitivity to anaesthesia
  • bleeding
  • infection

If you have a condition like an autoimmune disease or HIV/AIDS that has compromised your immune system, you may be more susceptible to problems, albeit they are still rare. 

You must keep the region around your bandage clean and dry for at least 24 hours following a bone marrow aspiration. Most people have minor pain for a few days near the spot where the needle was put. 

Tests on bone marrow are neither positive nor negative. Your doctor may check a bone marrow sample for the following things while testing it:

  • Blood cell counts
  • Cancer cells
  • Signs of infection

Your healthcare practitioner will go over treatment options and next actions with you if they discover any indications of a health issue. Find out the right hospital for the treatment at

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