Leukaemia is a baleful blood cancer that affects white blood cells. Leukaemia often refers to malignancy in the blood or any cellular element in the bone marrow, wherein, the white blood cells multiply irrepressibly. This results in more white blood cells in the bloodstream. This type of blood cancer is common in children with ages between 3 to 7 years while in adults, it appears between ages 50 to 60 years old. These days, many cancer hospitals in India are offering unprecedented cancer treatment in India for patients who are suffering from leukaemia.
Though doctors are still unaware of the actual cause of leukaemia, inheritance plays a pivotal role in becoming susceptible to this condition.
People with leukaemia experience some symptoms including,
- Bone pain
- Easy bleeding
- Pale skin
- Extreme fatigue as well as abdominal pain,
- Easy bruising
- Hazy vision
- Lymph gland swelling
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breathing
The common treatments of leukaemia are radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, gene therapy and bone marrow transplant.
Since this type of blood cancer involves the blood, thus, it is more dangerous and most dreaded. Through the bloodstream, the infected blood can easily spread to other parts of the body. Leukaemia starts in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the springy and soft material inside the bones that produces blood cells from stem cells. Leukaemia mostly affects the white blood cells that are responsible for the body’s protection against any infection. Then, cancer starts when abnormal white blood cells are created as a result when the development of stem cells into white blood cells goes irrepressibly wrong. For leukaemia, the abnormal white blood cells.
overpower other types of blood cells, including the red blood cells (the ones that transport oxygen to the body tissues) and the platelets that make blood clotting possible. Therefore, leukaemia prevents the blood’s ability in carrying oxygen and in clotting.
Without leukaemia, the white blood cells can fight quickly against disease-producing germs or pathogens. But when it can’t function properly, it can deteriorate the patient’s immune system. In this scenario, the body can’t fight even the simplest of infections. Pathogens start attacking various other cells of the body. Since blood cancers abolish the immune system’s normal function, hence, patients may experience regular infections like tonsils, diarrhoea or sores in the mouth and even life-threatening pneumonia.
The researchers and medical experts are still conducting studies to determine the exact causes of leukaemia. Some experts believe that exposure to ionizing radiation and hazardous chemicals can trigger the development of these blood cancers. The survival rate is low, irrespective of age. The latest figures show that the 5-year survival rate for all subtypes of leukaemia is 61.4 per cent. This is also one of the most common cancers for people under age 20.
Factors that Affect the Survival Rate
Let’s take a look at factors that can affect your survival rate for leukaemia.
- Time of diagnosis
- Spread of the cancer
- Type of leukaemia
- A family history
- Exposure to certain chemicals like benzene and some petrochemicals
- Exposure to certain types of chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- The body’s response to treatment
- Blood cell count
- Tobacco use
A healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet may prevent it. You should incorporate juices, lots of water, unrefined sea salt and foods that can heal like Aloe Vera, lemon, olive oil, green tea, tomato, etc. into your diet.
Are you looking for the best blood cancer treatment in India? You may consult with Livonta Global as it is partnered with many established hospitals and doctors in India. Livonta Global helps you to get the best treatment from reputed cancer hospitals in India.Cancer Treatment