Do You Qualify for a Liver Transplant?
Sometimes the only option for treating acute or chronic liver illness is a liver transplant. With 58% of transplant recipients living for 15 years, advances in liver hospital in India are seeing a rising number of cases every year.
The first liver transplants were carried out in the late 1960s, but they remained primarily experimental until the mid-1980s, when improved surgical methods and ways of preventing organ graft rejections were available. More than 6,000 liver transplants are carried out annually today.
Motivating Reasons for a Liver Transplant
Doctors only suggest liver transplants as a last resort due to its high cost and high risk. When the liver can no longer function and the side effects of liver damage cannot be controlled, this usually happens.
One of the most typical causes of a liver transplant is:
- any type of end-stage cirrhosis, such as that brought on by chronic hepatitis B or C, alcoholism, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Despite the fact that cirrhosis in and of itself is not a reason for a transplant, symptoms of decompensation, such as encephalopathy (a condition in which the liver is unable to eliminate toxins from the blood), bleeding varices, or recurrent ascites, can frequently be the driving force behind one.
- Cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), primary hepatocellular malignancies, and hepatic adenomas are a few liver cancers.
fulminant hepatic failure brought on by one of Wilson’s disease, a rare hereditary ailment that causes fluid to build up in your liver and other organs, fulminant viral hepatitis (A, B, D, and occasionally C), medication-associated liver failure, hepatic thrombosis, or other reasons
- severe bile duct malfunction that leads to sclerosing cholangitis and biliary cirrhosis
Qualifying for a Liver Transplant
It should come as no surprise that there are more people in need of liver transplants than there are donors. As a result, specialists in the best liver hospital in India have to depend on the policy – the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, an algorithm that is used to evaluate the severity of chronic liver disease and to assist in determining which patients receive transplants first.
There are more ways to determine eligibility, such as the Milan Criteria, which evaluates a person largely on the size and/or quantity of liver lesions (i.e., no bigger than 5 centimeters, or no more than three lesions equal to or less than 3 centimetres in size).
There are often a number of gaps in the decision-making process, even though liver transplant in India can be deemed applicable to any acute or chronic illness that results in irreparable and permanent liver failure.
Contraindications for liver transplantation include conditions that either raise the risk of death for the recipient or are likely to cause the organ to reject or fail. One or more of the absolute prohibitions against transplantation include:
- current addiction to alcohol or other drugs
- severe lung or heart disease
- Cancers (not include some liver cancers or non-melanoma skin cancer) (not including some liver cancers or non-melanoma skin cancer)
- severe and numerous congenital abnormalities that will probably cause early death
- a few uncontrollable infections or fatal illnesses
- mature age (older than 65 years)
- renal failure
- egregious obesity
- extreme undernutrition
- HIV (albeit less of an issue for people with persistent viral control) (although less of an issue for patients with sustained viral control)
- very high pulmonary blood pressure
- severe, unmanaged (or untreated) mental illnesses
Average Life Expectancy After a Liver Transplant
According to a study, over 90% of those getting liver transplant can live upto one year after the surgery and over 70% of the patients can survive for more than 5 years.Liver Transplant Treatment
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