Is Mouth Cancer Curable ?
The good news is that oral cancer is generally treatable if it is detected and treated by your doctor at an early stage. Usually, a dentist or doctor can find oral cancer during a normal mouth inspection. In addition, since the majority of persons who develop mouth cancer smoke or use tobacco, quitting can significantly lower your risk. The experts of cancer treatment in India repeatedly speak about the harmful impacts of tobacco eating and smoking.
In common with other cancers, oral cancer is defined by cells that start to alter, proliferate unchecked, and frequently group together to form a mass known as a tumour. Head and neck cancers, which include oral cancer, can be either in the mouth or in the throat. To cure them at the early stage, you need to reach out to the hospitals offering the best cancer treatment in India.
Although the signs of oral cancer might vary, the most typical symptom is a sore in your mouth that doesn’t go away. Additional signs include:
- A lump or rough place in your mouth, on your jaw, or on your neck
- Uncomfortable, poorly fitting dentures
- Missing teeth
- Difficulties swallowing, chewing, or moving your tongue or jaw
- Ongoing foul breath
- Unexpected decrease of weight
- Chronic throat discomfort, hoarseness, or a sensation of something becoming stuck in your throat
How is oral cancer diagnosed?
First, your doctor or dentist will examine you physically. The roof and floor of your mouth, your tongue, your cheeks, your throat, and your neck’s lymph nodes must all be carefully examined. If your doctor is unable to determine the origin of your symptoms, you may then be sent to an ENT expert. If your doctor finds any tumors, growths, or dubious lesions, they will do a brush or tissue biopsy. Tumor cells are obtained by a painless method called a “brush biopsy” by brushing them onto a slide. In a tissue biopsy, a small piece of the tissue is removed to look for malignant cells.
There can be tests such as X-Rays, PET, CT, MRI to determine the extent of the disease.
Who are at risk?
Oral cancer is two times more common in men than in women, and it usually develops after the age of 40. Regular alcohol consumption and cigarette use are the two main risk factors for oral cancer. Most smokers who get mouth cancer do so. Another risk factor is being around smokers at work or home. The majority of oral cancer patients are also heavy drinkers (That is those who have more than 21 alcoholic drinks per week). Your risk of developing oral cancer is increased by six times if you smoke and drink excessively.
How oral and oropharyngeal cancers are treated?
Especially if the cancer is discovered at an early stage, oral and oropharyngeal malignancies are frequently curable. Although the main objective of treatment is to cure the disease, maintaining the function of the neighboring nerves, organs, and tissues is equally crucial. When designing a course of therapy, doctors take into account how it can impact a patient’s quality of life, including how that person feels, looks, talks, eats, and breathes.
- Medical oncologist
- Radiation oncologist
- Surgical oncologist
- Reconstructive/plastic surgeon
- Maxillofacial prosthodontist
- Oncologic dentist or oral oncologist
- Physical therapist
- Speech-language pathologist
The surgery can be a combination of Radiation therapy, Targeted therapy, Chemotherapy, and Immunotherapy,
Your oral cancer therapy includes nutrition as a crucial component. Many drugs that make eating and swallowing painful or difficult usually cause side effects, such as decreased appetite and weight loss. Don’t forget to talk to your doctor about your diet. The calories, vitamins, and minerals your body needs to repair can be provided by a simple meal that is gentle on your tongue and throat.