Lung Transplant is a transplant procedure which is utilized when the recipient individual has a lung which is damaged or diseased. The lung is taken from an individual with healthy lungs. A recipient is usually a deceased person with healthy lungs. It ensures that the individual’s life can be saved successfully. Lung transplant is considered essential in patients when the condition of their lungs is not up to the mark to carry out the required functions on a daily basis. In this way, the individual can be alive for a more extended period with uplifted spirits.
Lung transplant is usually recommended in the cases of cystic fibrosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Patients suffering from these type of lung-related disorders need to get lung transplants at the right time before it’s too late. Before deciding the type of the lung transplant, the team of doctors ensures that the patient opts for a healthy lifestyle. In this way, the body of the recipient builds a better immunity along with the successful acceptance of the donor’s lungs.
There are different types of the lung transplant which are considered depending on the case of the respective individual.
Single lung transplant: This type of lung transplant is usually done in the patients who have damaged lungs on one side. This procedure is quite commonly done in the patients with pulmonary fibrosis. The surgeons make sure that the case of the patient is not an infective type otherwise the healthy donor kidney will also be affected in the later stages of life. Therefore, this type of lung transplant is not performed in the patients who are suffering from cystic fibrosis.
Double lung transplant: In this type of lung transplant procedure, both the lungs are taken from the donor individual. It is usually done in the cases of the patients who are suffering from the lung disorders which are infectious. One of the typical instances in which double lung transplant is performed is that of the cystic fibrosis. The donor’s lungs are prepared well in advance after performing a thorough analysis of the patient and donor individual. This ensures that the lungs are not rejected in the later stages of life.
Heart-lung transplant: In the severe cases when the heart, as well as the lungs of the individual, are affected, the heart-lung transplants are performed. Patients with severe pulmonary hypertension are usually recommended with the heart-lung transplants.
There are other types of lung transplants like bilateral sequential as well as a bilateral single lung transplant. The utilization of the respective procedure varies with the requirement and condition of the patient’s lungs.
A lung transplant procedure is a complicated procedure. It takes 4-12 hours depending on the type of the procedure as well as the complexity of the case of the patient. Therefore, it is essential that the caregivers and the family members of the patients are informed and prepared for it. After the successful completion of the lung transplant surgery, it is essential to understand that the individual will require sufficient amount of rest for next few months. This includes a presence of a peaceful atmosphere in the surroundings along with no stress.
In the latest times, there is a high demand for the lung transplants across the world. But, in the case of the lung cancers, doctors do not recommend lung transplants. It is due to the reason that the cancer cases can reoccur again. There are specific complications which are associated with lung transplants. It makes it essential to take the optimum amount of care of the patient for few years especially during the very next year after the completion of the lung transplant. In this way, any complication can be prevented with the help of the proper management of the patient along with appropriate monitoring of the health of the patient.
Lung transplants are one of the most challenging medical procedures which take place on a regular basis. Therefore, it is essential to have the patient mentally and physically prepared for the procedure. Also, the availability of donor’s lungs which passes the respective tests and matches the recipient body is crucial for the success of every lung transplant procedure.