When heart valves are damaged, blood flow is disrupted, and is referred to as valvular heart disease. The effectiveness of the heart may be impacted by either regurgitation or valve stenosis. Congenital conditions, infections, and aging are among the causes. Maintaining cardiovascular health requires accurate diagnosis and management and in case of any cardiac complications, one must reach out for the best heart treatment in India.
Adopting heart-healthy behaviors is necessary to prevent valvular heart disease. Overall heart health is influenced by regular exercise, a balanced diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, as well as a healthy weight. Risks can be reduced by abstaining from tobacco and excessive drinking, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and promptly seeking medical attention for infections. To maintain valve function and cardiovascular well-being, regular checkups, and a heart-healthy lifestyle are essential.
A variety of habits and decisions in one’s way of life can help one keep their heart healthy. Regular exercise, a healthy weight, a balanced diet full of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, effective stress management, sufficient sleep, abstinence from cigarette use, and moderate alcohol consumption are all crucial. Long-term cardiovascular health also benefits from routine checkups and following medical recommendations.
Have a good and balanced diet
- A wholesome, balanced diet encourages heart health and minimizes the development of cholesterol and plaque in the arteries.
- It is recommended to eat a variety of foods. healthy fats, whole grains, lean proteins, and fresh veggies.
- Limit your intake of processed meals, sugary drinks, saturated and trans fats, and salt.
- Keep an eye on portion sizes and try to consume enough calories to maintain a healthy weight.
Keep up your exercise
- Numerous health advantages of regular exercise include maintaining a healthy weight and improving heart health.
- Spend 75 minutes a day at a high level or 150 hours a week at a moderate intensity working on your muscles.
- Select pleasurable workouts like walking, dancing, swimming, or cycling.
- If you’re currently inactive, gradually improve your activity levels.
Controlling blood pressure
- The stress on the heart and blood vessels is reduced by maintaining blood pressure within a reasonable range.
- Regularly check your blood pressure and try to keep it around 120/80 mm Hg.
- Adopt a low-sodium diet, abstain from alcohol as much as possible, keep up a healthy weight, and control stress.
- Take blood pressure drugs as instructed if recommended by a healthcare professional.
Cut down on cholesterol
- Lowering LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels while keeping HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels at healthy levels.
- Choose foods with little trans and saturated fat
- Include foods high in dietary fiber, such as fruits, whole grains, and vegetables.
- Take cholesterol-lowering medication as directed by a doctor, if necessary.
Avoid drinking and smoking
- By avoiding smokers, you can avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
Diabetes must be managed properly to maintain blood sugar levels under control and avoid complications that could harm the heart and blood vessels. The experts from the top heart transplant in India hospitals can help you guide how to maintain a healthy lifestyle and adhere to a diabetes management plan that includes monitoring blood sugar levels, taking prescription medications, and other steps.
- Reduce tension – Heart issues can be exacerbated by persistent stress, thus stress reduction measures should be practiced. Exercise, deep breathing, meditation, and awareness are all effective relaxation practices. to relax, prioritize taking care of oneself, engage in hobbies, and spend time with loved ones.
- Health check-ups on a regular basis – appointments with healthcare professionals for monitoring, screening, and discussion of health issues.
- Continue to Eat Healthily. achieving and maintaining a weight that is appropriate for your height, age, and body type.