The liver continuously purifies the blood that flows through the body, transforming substances ingested through the digestive tract into chemicals that are ready for use. In addition to many other important metabolic tasks, the liver also cleans the blood of toxins and other chemical waste products so they can be excreted. The liver is unusually susceptible to cancer cells moving through the bloodstream since it is the organ through which all blood in the body must pass.
Primary liver cancer is one that originates in the liver, but it can so happen that cancer from some other body part might spread across this organ. Most liver cancers are secondary or metastatic, meaning they originated elsewhere in the body. Did you know that about 2% of all cancers in the United States are primary liver cancer, but up to 50% of all malignancies can be found in some underdeveloped nations?
Primary liver cancer begins in the liver. This is mostly caused by hepatitis, which is a viral infection that significantly increases a person’s risk of developing liver cancer. The experts of liver hospital in India are still studying the effects and causes of this cancer but there is basic information on this type of cancer. Medicines and sometimes surgery might be needed to cure the condition.
Numerous tumor types can develop in the liver since it contains a variety of cell types. Some of these are benign (noncancerous), whereas others are cancerous and have the potential to metastasis (spread to other parts of the body). These tumors are treated differently and have various causes. Depending on the sort of tumor the prognosis will vary and so will the time required for recovery. Cancer treatment in India has graduated to an impressive level and even international patients visit the country to reach out to the experts.
Let’s find out about the basics of this cancer.
The more common benign tumors of the liver include:
- Hepatic adenoma
- Focal nodular hyperplasia
These tumors are not handled similarly to liver cancer. If they cause pain or bleeding, you might need surgery. Liver malignancies are generally –
- HCC, or hepatocellular carcinoma
- Cholangiocarcinoma (Actually, these are bile duct tumors. They are not going to be covered in this article.)
What Causes Liver Cancer?
Hepatocellular carcinoma, also known as primary liver cancer, is more common among those who have had cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C, or hemochromatosis (a hereditary condition characterized by an excess of iron in the liver). It might also be seen in people who consume excessive alcohol. Cirrhosis, a liver scarring disorder is frequently brought on by limitless alcohol consumption. In fact in more than half of all patients with primary liver cancer, this is a common source of the disease. Hepatocellular diseases such as hemochromatosis, hepatitis B, and C can harm the liver permanently. Obesity and fatty liver disease may also be associated with liver cancer.
Primary liver cancer is linked to a number of carcinogens, which include certain herbicides and toxins like vinyl chloride and arsenic. Smoking also raises the risk, particularly if you also abuse alcohol. Aflatoxins, a class of plant mold that produces carcinogens, have also been linked. Wheat, peanuts, rice, corn, and soybeans can all be contaminated by aflatoxins. In most wealthy nations, including the U.S., these are uncommon issues. The hormones testosterone and estrogen, as well as a dye historically used in medical testing called thorotrast, are other culprits.
Liver Transplant Treatment