Liver is one of the most important and the most vital organs in the human body that performs many functions unlike other organs which have a single or specific function. More than 500 functions in a body have been detected by doctors till date which shows how important a liver is for the human body. Liver processes and digests everything we consume from good things to bad things and since the liver has so many functions, it becomes vulnerable to many diseases as all the toxins, drugs, alcohol and other unhealthy things we consume impact our liver directly or indirectly. Because of an unhealthy lifestyle, liver transplant in India has seen a sharp rise in the last few years.
Many other diseases like cancer which are not there in the liver initially, start to impact the liver in the later stages as the liver is always the soft target for various diseases. If you consult the best liver doctor in India, he will give you many reasons for increasing liver diseases like obesity, drugs, unhealthy diet and lifestyle, alcohol and genetic disorders. In this article, we will understand the 5 various stages of liver diseases which everybody must know
Liver Enlargement or Inflammation
This is the initial condition in which due to the unhealthy lifestyle and intake of various toxins like excess oily foods, alcohol etc, the size of the liver gets enlarged damaging the cells of the liver. In such conditions, the patient starts to experience extreme abdominal pain on the upper right side of the abdomen. This condition is very much curable with medicines and control in lifestyle so it is always advised by the doctors to perform annual liver checkups.
Scarring of Tissues
This is the second stage of liver disease when the scarring of liver tissues happens slowly if the liver enlargement or inflammation mentioned in the first stage is left unchecked or untreated. In this case, the scarred tissues start replacing the healthy tissues in the liver which is called fibrosis of the liver. This condition happens when the toxins start to accumulate in the liver and start to disrupt the blood flow within the liver. This stage is also treatable with proper medications and changed lifestyle
Cirrhosis of the Liver
In this stage, because of the toxins and fats in the liver, the scarring of the tissues is complete and the liver in this stage is not able to heal itself anymore and it is called cirrhosis of the liver. The only option to treat the patient with liver cirrhosis is liver transplant. To come to this stage, the liver gives a lot of time to the patient but if he ignores everything and continues with a rugged lifestyle, liver transplant is what he has to go through.
Liver failure is generally of 2 types and acute liver failure is generally caused within 48-72 hours giving no time to the patient to even react properly. In case of chronic liver failure, it happens slowly over the years and is often caused by excess alcohol intake. Loss of appetite, severe weight loss, diarrhoea, vomiting etc are some of the symptoms of liver failure. It is generally fatal but patient’s life could be saved by liver transplant
Many doctors believe that there are only 4 stages to liver disease and cancer does not come under it but just like stage 4, liver cancer too is fatal and can be caused during any of the earlier stages of liver disease. Liver transplant in this case too can save a patient’s life to an extent.Liver Transplant Treatment