For patients experiencing terminal liver disease, primary liver cancer, or acute liver failure, a liver transplant has become a game-changing treatment. While going for a liver transplant in India, post-surgery care is just as crucial in preventing graft rejection, infection, and disease recurrence. Following your discharge from the liver hospital in India after a successful liver transplant, it is critical that you implement the following behaviours to ensure a positive long-term outcome.
From the comfort of one’s own home, one can take the first step toward a healthy recovery. When the patient returns home following a liver transplant, the family member must ensure that the residence is properly ventilated. In the first three months after surgery, the patient should avoid going to crowded places without wearing a mask. After meeting people, more specifically strangers, the patient must clean their hands thoroughly. For the patient, a second towel should be available. It is necessary for the patient to have a shower. Hygiene is necessary to avoid any form of secondary infections.
Diet and Nutrition:
The patient will have a voracious appetite after the procedure, which is a healthy sign. Protein-rich foods should be included in the patient’s diet. Water must be safe to drink, and tap water should not be consumed without first being filtered at home. Salads and raw foods should be avoided. Sweets and fruits that have the potential to raise blood sugar levels should also be avoided. Blood sugar levels are frequently raised by post-transplant medications, necessitating the administration of insulin for the first three months. Smoking, as well as gutka and tobacco, are strictly prohibited. It is also not advisable to consume alcohol.
While liver transplant is becoming increasingly popular for treating liver problems, post-surgery care is critical for achieving the best long-term results. As a result, it is critical that the recipient attends follow-up clinics on a regular basis. There is a higher risk of coronary artery disease after surgery since there is a predisposition for weight gain, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Medications are necessary for rehabilitation, and patients should never fail to take their medications as prescribed by their doctors. It is also critical that patients’ families get aware with the medications recommended and ensure that the patient takes the prescription as prescribed. Wound care may be necessary in rare cases because liver transplant recipients heal slowly.
Patients are also encouraged to exercise on a regular basis. They should never lift high weights (>5kg) or practise abdominal workouts like weight training or swimming before 3 months, especially babies. Deep breathing can aid in the expansion of the lungs and the coughing up of phlegm. Patients can also seek the advice of transplant physiotherapists in order to improve their workout routine.
The above-mentioned precautions will ensure that the liver transplant operation is a long-term success.Liver Transplant Treatment