Immature cells that can develop into any type of blood cell reside in the bone marrow. It naturally exists as soft tissue inside a few particular bones. When a patient’s bone marrow no longer has the capacity to create new blood cells, bone marrow transplant therapy is advised.
The cancer patients receiving chemotherapy are typically the ones who are most likely to develop this issue later in life. The bone marrow is typically removed prior to chemotherapy sessions and then put back into the body by the specialists performing the bone marrow transplant and cancer treatment in India.
Similar to this, there are other facts about bone marrow transplants in India. When you get the best cancer treatment in India, you will understand the conflict with these realities. Here are a few common misconceptions concerning bone marrow transplants –
Myth – There can be only one type of bone marrow transplant
The professionals perform several bone marrow transplant techniques after diagnosing the health of both the patient and the donor. Allogenic bone marrow transplant, autologous bone marrow transplant, and other terms are some of the frequent techniques.
Myth – Bone marrow donation is very painful
The stem cells are essentially removed from the donor’s body in two different ways. The procedures involve giving peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow. Both methods do involve some pain, although the degree of discomfort varies. The level of discomfort varies according on the procedure used as well as the donors’ age, gender, and other characteristics. Therefore, it is a complete misconception that all donors experience agony during bone marrow donation. Some donors experience no discomfort at all while donating. The procedure to obtain the stem cells via the peripheral donation approach is non-surgical.
Myth – There are adverse consequences for the donors
Since the donors’ normal bone marrow levels return within a few weeks of donation, this myth cannot be refuted. The donors can resume their regular schedules, including school, play, work, and other activities, within seven days, according to the facts. Some people also immediately feel healthy following the gift. The donating process does not cause any kind of weakness or lightheadedness. Due to anaesthetic, bone marrow donors can have modest side effects like headaches, nausea, and muscular aches after donating. However, it is only fleeting and does not last long.
Myth – Bone marrow is collected from spine
There is no technique involving the spine in bone marrow. In a direct bone marrow donation operation, the surgeons take bone marrow from the rear of the pelvic bone. In 75% of cases, bone marrow is obtained by peripheral blood stem cell donation. The bloodstream is where the stem cells are extracted from.
Myth – The process is gender biased
For a successful bone marrow transplant, the donor must be an exact match and have stem cells with the same characteristics as those needed by the patient. Bone marrow transplant does not have any gender-biased ideas. There is no requirement that a woman donor be a patient in order to donate and receive bone marrow. The amount of proteins in the donor’s blood determines whether or not the patient and the donor are a perfect match for the donation.
Myth – Post-procedural hospitalisation stay is the same for all patients
Depending on whether you are having allogenic or autologous transplant, the hospital stay time will vary. Usually, it takes longer for allogenic transplantation. Bone marrow transplant is a complicated process and the recovery varies in each patient. When engraftment is only getting started, you might need to remain in the hospital. You must remain close to the hospital for frequent checkups even if you are not hospitalised throughout the engraftment period.
Myth – All family members are a perfect match
Your own sibling from the same parents has a 1 in 4 chance of becoming the ideal donor for a bone marrow transplant. Only 30% of persons will find a bone marrow donor match in their immediate relatives. Therefore, it is untrue that family members can donate bone marrow to save a person’s life. It is essentially impossible because the truth refutes this myth.
Bone Marrow Transplant Treatment