The liver is indubitably the most prime organ of your body, as it plays a pivotal role in your body’s metabolism. Moreover, the liver helps in refining toxins out of your body. However, constant damage to the liver can lead to cirrhosis, and in advanced stages, patients may need a liver transplant. If you are looking for a liver transplant in India, you should consult with Livonta Global. Livonta Global holds a healthy relationship with many reputed liver hospital in India.
In this article, we are going to discuss liver cirrhosis and the scenarios in which you may need a transplant.
Liver cirrhosis is the result of various types of liver diseases that generally change the structure and functions of the liver. The liver diseases that are responsible for cirrhosis tend to damage and kill healthy liver cells. The inflammation and repair of damaged liver cells may lead to the formation of scar tissue. When the volume of scar tissue enhances, the liver gradually loses its normal functionalities.
Causes for Liver Cirrhosis
Here, we are mentioning some of the prime causes of liver damage leading to liver cirrhosis.
- Enhanced pressure on the portal vein of the liver
- Hepatitis that causes inflammation in the liver
- Excessive intake of alcohol may damage your liver
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease that results in a fat build-up in liver cells
- Primary biliary cirrhosis occurs due to blockage and inflammation in the bile ducts
- Inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis, hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease and autoimmune diseases such as lupus and HIV.
Symptoms of liver cirrhosis
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of muscle mass
- Weight Loss
- Loss of brain function
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Darkening of the urine colour
- Swelling and pain in the abdomen
- Kidney failure
- Easy bruising
When do you need a liver transplant?
The doctors recommend liver transplants for patients with end-stage liver disease or advanced liver cirrhosis. The medical team evaluates several factors before recommending a liver transplant including,
- The severity of the patient’s condition
- The mental and physical health condition of the patients
- Medical history of the patient
- History of chronic infections such as tuberculosis
- Level of support from family and friends
The medical team also conducts the Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score to rank the degree or severity of the liver disease. This determines whether the patient needs a transplant immediately or in the future. The higher the number, the more critical the condition is. MELD Score for end-stage liver disease is based on values of creatinine, bilirubin and international normalized ratio for prothrombin time (INR). The creatinine levels indicate the condition of kidneys, and the international normalized ratio depicts the capability of your liver to make blood-clotting proteins.
Simpler and Cost-Effective Options for Liver Transplants
People from all over the world can avail a different and cost-effective approach for liver transplant in India. The liver transplant surgeons in India are proficient and have skilled experience in performing procedures. They not only give the patient a new life but also provide the donor with better recovery with no complications. The best liver hospitals in India are equipped with the best infrastructure and also have a professional team of doctors, surgeons, specialists and medical staff that ensures the best liver transplant treatment.
Criteria for Eligibility of Donors
The patients who need liver transplants are primarily put on a cadaver liver transplant list until you get a living donor. Based on the severity of the patient’s condition, the cadaver list is prepared. But in some cases, delaying the liver transplantation can be injurious to the patients. That’s why LDLT (Living donor liver transplantation) is suggested if there is an availability of donor’s liver. Usually, the donor is someone from the family of patients who willingly offers to donate the organ. For an LDLT, the safety and health condition of the donor is the top-most priority. After the initial evaluation of the donor, the procedure is started. But the donor should not have the following conditions for liver transplantation.
- Any history of Hepatitis
- Drug addiction
- HIV infection
- Frequent alcohol consumption
- History of cancer
- Psychiatric illness
Safety of the Donor and the Patient
Due to the advent of the latest technology and adequate infrastructure, you may find many competent liver transplant surgeons in India who assure the safety of both the donor and the patient. The donor needs to stay in the hospital for up to 10 days or more in some cases. Generally, the liver regenerates fully in two months.
Patients need to stay in the hospital for three weeks or more so that the doctors can evaluate their condition. At that time, they are given supportive medications like anti-rejection medicines that can help in avoiding any short-term or long-term complications.
If you are suffering from end-stage liver cirrhosis, then contact Livonta Global for the best liver hospitals in India for cost-effective treatment.Liver Transplant Treatment